Geography Area: 7.7 million sq. km. (3 million sq. mi.); about the size of the 48 contiguous United States. Cities (2009): Capital-Canberra (pop. 351,000). Other cities-Sydney (4.5 million), Melbourne (3.9 million), Brisbane (2 million), Perth (1.6 million), Adelaide (1.2 million), Darwin (124,000), Hobart (212,000). Terrain: Varied, but generally low-lying. Climate: Relatively dry and subject to drought, ranging from temperate in the south to tropical in the far north.
People Nationality: Noun and adjective-Australian(s). Population (May 2010 est.): 22.3 million. Annual population growth rate: 2.1%. Religions (2006 census): Catholic 26%, Anglican 19%, other Christian 19%, other non-Christian 1%, Buddhist 2.1%, Islam 1.7%, no religion 19%, and not stated 12%. Languages: English. Education: Years compulsory-to age 16 in all states and territories except New South Wales and the Northern Territory where it is 15, and Western Australia where it is 17. Literacy-over 99%. Health: Infant mortality rate-4.7/1,000. Life expectancy-males 78.7 yrs., females 83.5 yrs. Work force (10.8 million): Agriculture, fishing and forestry-3.25%; mining-1.6%; manufacturing-9.1%; retail trade-10.7%; public administration, defense, and safety-6.2%; construction-9%.
Constitutional monarchy: democratic, federal-state system. Constitution: Passed by the British Parliament on July 9, 1900. Independence (federation): January 1, 1901. Branches: Executive-Queen Elizabeth II (head of state, represented by a governor general); the monarch appoints the governor general on the advice of the prime minister. Legislative-bicameral Parliament (76-member Senate, 150-member House of Representatives). The governor general appoints the prime minister (generally the leader of the party which holds the majority in the House of Representatives) and appoints ministers on the advice of the prime minister. Judicial-independent judiciary. Administrative subdivisions: Six states and two territories. Political parties: Australian Labor, Liberal, the Greens, the Nationals, and Family First. Suffrage: Universal and compulsory 18 and over. Central government budget (revenue): FY 2008-2009 A$298.9 billion (U.S. $269 billion); FY 2009-2010 A$294.2 billion (U.S. $264.8 billion); FY 2010-2011 (estimate): $A321.8 billion (U.S. $290 billion). Defense: A$25.7 billion (U.S. $23.13 billion) or approx. 2% of GDP for FY 2010-2011.
Economy GDP (2009-2010 estimate): A$1.2 trillion (U.S. $1.1 trillion). Inflation rate (year to March 2010): 2.9% per year. Reserve Bank official interest rate (May 2010): 4.5%. Trade: Exports ($176.7 billion, 2009 estimate)-coal, iron ore, gold, meat, wool, alumina, wheat, machinery and transport equipment. Major markets-China, Japan, South Korea, India, U.S. ($8.7 billion), and U.K. Imports ($180.5 billion, 2009 estimate)-machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products. Major suppliers-China, United States ($20.05 billion), Japan, Thailand, and Singapore. Exchange rate (2010): U.S. $1 = A$1.11 (average for 2010 of A$1 = U.S. $0.90).
Why Study in Australia?
This is the biggest question on every student-s mind who wishes to go abroad to Study in Australia. Australia has a lot to offer to an international student. It is considered next best an education destination to students after USA and UK. The costs here are comparatively more affordable i.e. the tuition and cost of living in Australia are low compared to US or UK. Australia has a very large student population, driven here to study and get internationally recognized certificates and degrees. The study abroad courses for international students offered here are enormous and rare, hence giving the students ample choices to make as per their requirements. The teaching in Australian universities is also acknowledged as superb and it is often quicker to include the findings produced by research activities. This research activity sees Australia as a world leader in several important fields, from telecommunications to biological sciences, medicine, cultural studies, economic development, tourism and a range of subjects too long to list here. In almost every measure of quality, including those done by organisations such as UNESCO or the Association of Commonwealth Universities, Australia is classed as excellent. Study in Australia Scholarships are also offered by the Australian Government, education institutions and a number of other organisations. They cover various educational sectors, including vocational education and training, student exchanges, undergraduate and postgraduate study and research. The students hailing to do the Research and Development courses in Technology and inventions get excellent leverage from the Government of Australia. Not to mention of course is that Australia is the best tourist destination in the world with a lot of activity like water sports safaris, wild life safaris, sight seeing of the Blue Mountains and State of Queensland are all appalling sights of this country one should not miss.
Study in Australia
Student Visa Requirements for Study in Australia Student Visa Australia, Student Visa Requirements for Study in Australia: Application Form, Process Procedure for Study in Australia Visa- As part of the student visa requirements or application form procedure, process, Foreign students require a student visa for Australia before commencement of their course in Australia which is more than 3 months. For a student visa they have to undertake a full time course here. - Student Visa Application form (obtainable from the web) - Visa Application fee - Confirmation of Enrolment Form (COE) this will be issued by the host university once the application has been accepted. - Acceptance letter from your host university, this will include the proposed study plan. - Letter (from your current institution confirming status as a Study Abroad Student) - Passport - 2 passport sized photographs. Students should have adequate financial support and English proficiency i.e. the IELTS with the adequate score as required by the university applied for. Then after issuance of student visa they can apply for health insurance whilst they are in Australia. After paying the premium, the receipt has to be submitted to the visa authorities.
College & University
Central College "Cambridge College " TAFE " Cambridge college, Melbourne
Courses : "Accounting" Business" Information Technology" Multimedia" Tourism" .